The International Capital Market Association held regional workshops across Europe in the final quarter of last year for members to discuss their experiences after MiFID II went live at the start of 2018, particularly in cash bond markets. In addition, panelists were asked to identify future trends for electronic trading and innovation under the new European Union regulations.
ICMA’s latest quarterly report said that panellists broadly agreed that technology and machine learning (or artificial intelligence) will have a significant impact on bond market structure and practices, especially in research, data, and trading.
The ICMA report said: “In the area of data, the panelists thought that, with better data tools and improved reference price availability, buy-sides will be better able to “make” prices (rather than being traditional price-takers).”
Over time this will result in the buy side and sell side becoming more equal in providing liquidity.
“With advanced data analytical tools, leading to better reference pricing, buy-sides will feel more comfortable trading on central limit order books, with the buy side setting the price or limit as to where they will trade,” added ICMA.
Rise in all-to-all trading
In the US there has been a rise in all-to-all trading, where all the participants in a network can trade with one another, according to a report from consultancy Greenwich Associates.
Kevin McPartland, managing director, market structure and technology at Greenwich said in the study: “Including all electronic trading volume that allows anyone to match with anyone regardless of trading protocol, all-to-all trading now accounts for 8% of investment-grade volume in the U.S., and 23% of all volume on MarketAxess in the third quarter of 2018, up from 16% a year earlier. This is evidence of the buy side voting with their collective mouse, as they also overwhelmingly view all-to-all trading as the most likely source of new liquidity in the next two years.”
MarketAxess, the electronic trading platform for fixed-income securities, intends to expand its all-to-all platform, Open Trading. This year MarketAxess announced the appointment of Chris Concannon, former president and chief operating officer of Cboe Global Markets, to help drive this growth as part of his role.